Theorist chart

Assignment: Theorist Chart
Review each theorist, their main idea, and contributions and complete the attached chart that asks for information on each theorist.  You will notice that parts of the chart have been completed for you. This is to provide you with useful hints for completing the worksheet.
Please note that a worksheet is attached for ease of manipulation and submission.
Review each theorist using class resources. Then complete the chart below. You may use bullet points to convey your responses.

Major Theorist: Jean Piaget -2
Piaget proposed a theory of cognitive development, which he developed after decades of observations of how children think and solve problems. His theory is divided into four stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. Each stage has specific characteristics that allow for different kinds of thinking.

Major Theorist: Erik Erikson-2
Erik Erikson proposed a theory that emphasizes the social nature of our development. According to Erik Erikson, there are eight distinct stages of life. Each stage has a psychosocial task, or crisis, that must be resolved.

Major Theorist: Lawrence Kholberg -2
Lawrence Kohlberg believed that moral development, like cognitive development, follows a series of stages. Kohlberg posed moral dilemmas to people of all ages, then analyzed their answers to find evidence of their particular stage of moral development.

Major Theorist: Sigmund Freud -2
Sigmund Freud developed stages of development he termed Psychosexual Stages. Here you will find a fantastic video that covers these stages in detail. Enjoy!

Major Theorist: Lev Vygotsky -2
Theorists within the discipline of Developmental psychology have long debated how development unfolds. Some are continuity theorists; some are discontinuity (or stage theorists). Those in the continuity camp believe that development is not stage oriented, but rather fluid. You can imagine this as a slow, steady ramp elevating as it advances forward. In contrast, discontinuity, or stage theorists as they are commonly referred to, see development like a series of starts and stops. You can imagine this as an elevator that makes stops. Just as it is impossible to be on two floors, it is impossible to be in two stages at the same time, says the stage theorist, who argues we always move forward.Lev Vygotsky, offers us a different view. One that suggests that learning must occur prior to developmental maturation. Rather than progressing, as the continuity theorist suggests, rather than advancing on to the next stage as the discontinuity theorist might suggest. Vygotsky says that learning involves environmental intervention and that development is impossible without it. He also says that we develop moving two steps forward, and then one step back. So perhaps… In the end development is a dance.



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